Tag: Canadian Citizenship

2024 Exciting Changes to Canadian Citizenship: What You Need to Know

Changes to Canadian Citizenship 2024 Inherit Citizenship from Grandparent

How to apply for Canadian Citizenship Through Parents/Grandparents with limited documents – Part 2

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How to apply for Canadian Citizenship Through Parents/Grandparents with limited documents – Part 2

In part one of this article, we have already outlined measures you can take when you are missing certain documents for your Canadian Citizenship Certificate but what do you do when you have all your documents but some of them show different names or different spellings of names?

You might have your parents’ marriage certificate but one of the names doesn’t match the birth certificate you have for them. This is problematic in itself but, if your parents are deceased then it’s simply not possible to obtain replacements with amended information. Most Government authorities require affidavits and other supporting ID’s to make any sort of amendments to documents and if the person is no longer living then that is impossible.

As the applicant for a first citizenship certificate, one of the mandatory pieces of documentation is a long form birth certificate. A long-form birth certificate is a more detailed version of a birth certificate, containing additional information compared to a standard or short-form birth certificate. The specific details included on a long-form birth certificate can vary depending on the issuing authority and the requirements of the jurisdiction. Typically, it provides comprehensive information about the individual’s birth, such as:

  • Full name of the individual (including any middle names or suffixes).
  • Date and place of birth (including city or town, county, and state or country).
  • Full names of the individual’s parents, including their maiden names if applicable.
  • Parents’ places of birth.
  • Parents’ occupations or other identifying information.
  • Registration number or other identifying information related to the birth record.

Long-form birth certificates are often required for various official purposes, such as obtaining a passport, applying for citizenship, or proving identity for legal or administrative matters. They are typically issued by government agencies responsible for vital records, such as state or national departments of health or vital statistics.

If you, as the applicant, have since married and have a different last name then you must also include your marriage certificate. This must be the actual certificate not the license or solemnization.

When the new process for Canadian Citizenship through a grandparent begins then the long form birth certificate or the naturalization certificate will also be a mandatory document for the grandparent(s).

All the certificates for any application must link together with matching names. The applicant must have a birth certificate that shows the parents’ names and the parents must have a birth certificate or naturalization certificate that, in turn, shows their parents names. This is what links everybody together.

If there are certificates that do not correlate with each other then it’s important to obtain the document that will link them. Most of the time this can be a marriage certificate or an official name change certificate.

What can you do if you cannot obtain these documents?

If you encounter a situation where one of your documents fails to correlate with another, and the document owner is deceased, there are steps you can take to ensure IRCC understand your situation and are therefore obliged to review the information you submit. This is called an Affidavit.

What is an Affidavit?

An affidavit explaining someone’s different names when they are not alive to provide documents is a legal document used to attest to the various names by which an individual was known during their lifetime. This affidavit is typically provided by someone who has knowledge of the different names used by the individual, such as family members, close associates, or others familiar with the person’s identity.

The affidavit should include:

Identification: The full name and any known aliases of the deceased individual.

Details of Name Changes: A detailed explanation of the circumstances surrounding the different names used by the individual, including any legal name changes, nicknames, or variations in spelling.

Affiant Information: Information about the person providing the affidavit, including their full name, address, and relationship to the deceased.

Notarization: The affidavit should be signed in the presence of a notary public, who will verify the identity of the affiant and witness the signing of the document.

Date and Place: The date and place where the affidavit is executed.

An affidavit explaining someone’s different names can be used to clarify any discrepancies or confusion regarding the individual’s identity, especially in legal or administrative matters such as estate settlement, probate, or the transfer of assets. It serves as a sworn statement under oath, attesting to the truthfulness and accuracy of the information provided.

If you submit an affidavit with your application and include an additional explanation letter, then you have a much higher chance of your application being approved.

Doherty Fultz Immigration specializes in innovative solutions and through careful crafting of submission letters and citing case laws where necessary we are usually successful in helping our clients obtain their immigration documents.

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How to apply for Canadian Citizenship with limited documents – Part 1

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How to apply for Canadian Citizenship with limited documents – Part 1

When it comes to submitting an application to IRCC for a Canadian Citizenship Certificate, the process initially appears straightforward. By adhering to the document checklist requirements, you can effectively organize the materials you’ve gathered in preparation for submission.

However, complications arise when you realize you’re missing some of the necessary documents. Despite the possibility of seeking guidance from IRCC through a quick call, reaching an agent for support can be challenging. While online forums are available, your question may be too specific for anyone to provide assistance.

In such instances, your only recourse is to proceed with the Canadian Citizenship application and hope for a positive outcome. Yet, this approach may entail waiting several months for a resolution, time you may not have to spare.

For most Canadian citizenship applications, the following supporting documents are typically required to facilitate a smooth process:

  • Two pieces of valid personal ID, such as a passport, driver’s license, or health card, one of which must include a photo
  • Birth certificate (long form)
  • Parents’ birth certificates
  • Grandparents’ birth certificates (if applying as second generation)
  • Proof of name change, if applicable

However, if you’re applying for a simple replacement certificate, the requirements are usually more straightforward:

  • Two pieces of valid personal ID, such as a passport, driver’s license, or health card, one of which must include a photo
  • Proof of name change, if applicable

Often there may be a scenario where you might lack one of the primary pieces of ID, with the most common issue being the absence of a passport or any valid ID with a photo. This is often due to a theft of a handbag or a car, sometimes a house burglary.

The worst thing to do is to simply submit what you have with no covering letter to explain your situation. IRCC will send the application right back and you will be at square one again.

The most important thing to do Is to address the situation with a covering letter. The letter should explain why you are unable to obtain the documents and it should also contain any other information that is pertinent to your case. You will also need to provide a statutory declaration with a photo affixed to it that bears your likeness. This document needs to be notarized and coupled with other additional supporting documents that can support your name. The additional documents can be your CRA assessments, bank statements etc but you should have as many as you can.

An application that lacks the primary ID documents will always take slightly longer. There must be clear proof that you are unable to obtain any other documents without first having the citizenship certificate.

Often, by submitting applications for other documents first you may be able to then obtain what you need for the citizenship certificate. This is when IRCC will not accept a statutory declaration. If they feel that you can, in fact, get the documents needed to support your application.

A couple of examples of where this would be the case are:

Scenario 1:

You are a dual citizen of, for example, Canada and the UK. You have no supporting documents for your citizenship application (no UK passport, no Canadian passport, no health card, no driving license).

In this instance the best course of action would be to apply for a UK passport. This would then enable you to apply for a driving license for example.

Scenario 2:

You have a health card that does not have a photo and no other ID with a photo. You are only a Canadian citizen not a dual citizen.

This can be very tricky but there is a way. You would first need to apply for your verification of status (you need your birth certificate for this). Once you have that then you should be able to apply for your driving license. This would then give you your photo ID to then apply for your citizenship certificate.

So, as you can see from the scenarios above there are ways to obtain your certificates even if you may not have the documentation outlines in the IRCC official checklist.

Doherty Fultz Immigration specializes in innovative solutions and through careful crafting of submission letters and citing case laws where necessary we are usually successful in helping our clients obtain their immigration documents.

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Navigating Canadian Citizenship with Limited Documentation: A Guide for Aspiring Citizens

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Canadian Citizenship – New Amendment for Second Generation


We are thrilled to bring you news of a significant update in Canadian citizenship rules, particularly in relation to double descent. If you were born outside Canada, and previously applied for Canadian citizenship through a parent, this announcement holds great importance for you, as you are now eligible to pass on your Canadian citizenship to your children.

The coming amendments to The Canadian Citizenship Act will introduce provisions that allow individuals who acquired their citizenship through descent to extend this privilege to their children, even if the offspring are born outside of Canada. This marks a progressive step forward in recognizing and facilitating the seamless transmission of Canadian citizenship to the next generation. First-generation individuals do not necessarily need to possess citizenship themselves to transmit it to the second generation.

The recent changes in Canadian citizenship regulations signify the government’s commitment to inclusivity and the acknowledgment of the evolving nature of families in our globalized world. By allowing individuals to pass on their citizenship to children born outside of Canada, these amendments reflect a more contemporary and inclusive approach to citizenship laws.

In the wake of this significant announcement and the subsequent changes, numerous questions undoubtedly arise. Our aim is to furnish you with comprehensive information to facilitate your understanding and guide you seamlessly through the process. This article will delve into the essence of Canadian citizenship, elucidate the steps to obtain it under the new regulations, outline the necessary prerequisites, and provide a wealth of valuable insights to assist you on this transformative journey.

What are the benefits of becoming Canadian?

Right to Vote: Canadian citizens have the right to participate in federal, provincial, territorial, and municipal elections. This allows them to have a say in the democratic process and contribute to shaping the policies of their community and country.

Quality Education: Canada is known for its high-quality education system, with many universities ranking among the top in the world. By studying in Canada, students can gain access to quality education that can enhance their career prospects globally. As a Canadian you would be subject to domestic fees instead of international fees and as you can see from the comparison chart below, fees for a domestic student in Canada is markedly lower than that of an international student.

Canada $7,076 CAD (Domestic) $15,500-$17,800
Canada $20,000-$45,000 (International) $15,500-$17,800
United States $32,000-$60,000 (Domestic) $18,000-$25,000
United Kingdom $17,000-$43,000 (International) $21,700
Australia $45,000 (International) $16,700

Unrestricted Travel: Canadian citizens can travel freely in and out of Canada without the need for a Canadian visa (TRV) or residency permit.

Security Clearance: Canadian citizens have easier access to certain jobs that require security clearances, particularly those within the government or industries with sensitive information.

Economic Benefits: Citizens have access to certain government benefits, scholarships and programs that are not available to permanent residents or non-citizens, including various social assistance programs, grants, and subsidies.

Eligibility for Government Jobs: Some government positions in Canada may require Canadian citizenship. By becoming a citizen, you may have more opportunities to apply for and secure government jobs.

Army Enrollment: To enroll in the Canadian Armed forces you must be a Canadian citizen at least 17 years old (with parental consent) or 18 years old (without parental consent), and meeting certain medical and fitness standards.

No Residency Obligations: Unlike permanent residents, citizens do not have to meet any residency requirements to maintain their status in Canada.

Right to Run for Office: Canadian citizens have the right to run for political office at the municipal, provincial, and federal levels, allowing them to actively participate in shaping the country’s future.

Passport and Travel: Canadian citizens are eligible to apply for a Canadian passport, which facilitates international travel. The Canadian passport is widely regarded as a strong travel document, providing visa-free or visa-on-arrival access to many countries.

Dual Citizenship: Canada allows dual citizenship, so individuals can retain citizenship in another country while becoming Canadian citizens.

Sponsorship of Family Members: As a Canadian citizen, you may have the ability to sponsor family members for immigration to Canada, helping them to join you in Canada.

Retirement: Retiring in Canada as a Canadian citizen ensures access to various government benefits and programs designed to support seniors, including tax credits, healthcare subsidies, and transportation discounts.

Purchasing Property: As a Canadian citizen, you have the right to purchase property in Canada without any restrictions. Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s government acted to prohibit non-Canadians from buying residential real estate in 2022, with the measure to expire on Jan. 1, 2025. That date has now been moved to Jan. 1, 2027.

Renting as a Canadian: While there should be no real price disparity between renting as a Canadian versus a non Canadian you still have to take into account the other benefits you get as a Canadian that would potentially allow you to secure longer term contracts due to your permanent status.

Access to Consular Assistance: Canadian citizens have access to consular services and assistance from Canadian embassies and consulates when traveling or residing abroad.

Cultural Integration: Citizenship fosters a sense of belonging and integration into Canadian society, including participation in cultural events and community activities.

Protection from Deportation: Citizens cannot be deported from Canada, except in rare cases where citizenship was obtained fraudulently.

Greater Sense of Belonging: Obtaining citizenship can provide a sense of belonging and permanence in Canada, contributing to emotional and psychological well-being.


Will I lose my citizenship of birth?

While most countries recognize dual citizenship, there are a few that still do not.

Canada does recognize it so if you become Canadian, it does not mean you have to forfeit your other citizenship; however, if the country you were born in does not recognize it then they may make you relinquish that citizenship.

You must make sure you are aware of the rules and regulations of your country of birth with regards to dual citizenship.

If you chose Canada as your home, then becoming Canadian is the final step to take, and with one of the highest percentages of immigrants that obtain citizenship, the statistics speak for themselves.

I applied for my first citizenship certificate through my parents. Will it be the same application?

Although we cannot definitively predict whether the forms and procedures will remain unchanged, we can reasonably infer from past observations up until 2009. During that period, the process for applying for a first citizenship certificate through a grandparent did not deviate from the standard citizenship application.

Does the first generation born abroad need to have citizenship for the second generation to have it?

First-generation individuals do not necessarily need to possess citizenship themselves to transmit it to the second generation. Proof of the grandparents’ citizenship, coupled with the familial link to the children and grandchildren, would suffice to establish eligibility.

Would I need to get my grandparents’ birth certificate?

The grandparent’s birth certificate holds utmost significance in substantiating the eligibility of the parents and, subsequently, the grandchildren. While short-form certificates are acceptable for grandparents, the long-form versions are required for parents and grandchildren to demonstrate the familial connection.

Does it make a difference where I live when I apply for citizenship?

Your residential location will not impact your application. The application is submitted through the Canadian embassy that serves the country of your residence.

How long will it take?

Processing times for citizenship vary greatly and can change frequently. It’s always best to check the current processing for citizenship certificate. For first-time citizenship certificates, there is always an additional 6 months to add to normal processing time.

At present, a definitive date for the implementation of the new amendment remains pending, but as soon as there is news, we will announce it. If you have grandparents who were born in Canada and you believe you are eligible, then get in touch with one of our team members.

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Ottawa Embraces Inclusivity: Court Ruling Strikes Down Limit on Passing Citizenship to Children Born Abroad

Victory for ‘Lost Canadians’ as Ontario Court Ends Two Classes of Citizenship

The Queen’s Passing And Her Impact On Canada

Queen Elizabeth II Postage Stamp

Proof of Canadian Citizenship Certificate Processing Times Increase Drastically in 2021

proof of canadian citizenship certificate

Why Should I Become A Canadian Citizen?

Canadian Citizenship