Moving to Canada from the US
American citizens have lots of options when moving to Canada. The most popular immigration streams from the US are listed below.
USMCA (NAFTA) Work Permits
The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) was replaced by USMCA in 2018. This international trade agreement between Canada, the United States and Mexico allows American and Mexican citizens to work in Canada without an LMIA.
This agreement includes options for nationals of all 3 participating countries to enter each country as a business visitor, entrepreneur, or foreign worker in certain occupations provided the individual meets all of the eligibility requirements.
There are currently more than 60 occupations that are eligible under USMCA. Each occupation has a different set of criteria including a written job offer (LMIA exempt) from a Canadian employer.
For example, ‘Accountant’ is an eligible occupation under the USMCA program. The individual must have a Baccalaureate or Licenciatura degree or C.P.A, C.A, C.G.A or CMA.
‘Graphic Designer’ is also an eligible occupation under the USMCA program. The individual must have a Baccalaureate or Licenciatura degree OR post-secondary diploma/certificate AND a minimum of 3 years’ experience in this occupation.
Applicants must already have a written job offer from a Canadian employer. This means that the Canadian employer has offered the applicant a position in the respective occupation and has also paid the employer compliance fee to IRCC.