Applying for Inland Sponsorship
A Canadian citizen or permanent resident is able to sponsor his or her spouse or common-law partner for permanent residence in Canada using the Inland Sponsorship process if the partner is already physically present in Canada.
Inland sponsorship has several benefits to applicants over the Overseas Sponsorship process:
- Most importantly, applicants can get a work permit after only 3 – 4 months processing time before they are even permanent residents. This work permit is “Open” – the holder can work anywhere, for any employer, in any position. The open work permit will be valid for two years, and can continue to be renewed until processing of the sponsorship application is completed.
- After holding a valid work permit for the required amount of time (time varies by province), applicants can get provincial health care insurance. For example, in the province of Ontario, an applicant can obtain provincial health care after holding a work permit for 90 days.
- Applicants for Inland sponsorship do not need to leave Canada until processing of their application for permanent residence is finished.
See our page about the requirements for sponsorship.
Applicants Without Status in Canada
Even if someone does not have status in Canada, they are still able to be sponsored under the inland sponsorship process. This includes individuals who are in Canada illegally due to having overstayed a visa, or entered illegally. Once the inland sponsorship application is received, the applicant cannot be asked to leave Canada simply because they have no status in Canada. This does not apply to overseas sponsorship applications filed while the applicant is in Canada.
Applicants without status in Canada are not able to obtain a work permit under most circumstances.